What are the different types of skin cancer?
There are many forms of skin cancer. Some are quite deadly if not treated in the early stages. Others spread more slowly and are less likely to be fatal; however, they can be disfiguring. The types of skin cancer include:
- Basal cell carcinoma: This type of skin cancer arises from the skin's basal cells in epidermis (the outermost layer of the skin) and is caused by UV radiation from sun or tanning machines. It is the most common form of skin cancer.
- Squamous cell carcinoma: The second-most common form of skin cancer, this type arises from the squamous cells in epidermis and is caused by long-term exposure to UV radiation from the sun.
- Melanoma: The most dangerous form of skin cancer, melanoma arises from melanocytes. It is dangerous because it can spread to the vital organs and become life-threatening if not caught and treated early.
The cure rate for skin cancer is nearly 100% if it is caught early and treated accordingly.
What Treatments are Available?
While MOHs surgery is the best treatment option for skin cancer, there are several to choose from:
Basal cell carcinoma: Cryosurgery, curettage, ED&C, excision, laser treatment, MOHs surgery, topical treatments, photodynamic therapy, radiation therapy
Squamous cell carcinoma: Cryosurgery, curettage, ED&C, excision, laser treatment, MOHs surgery, photodynamic therapy, radiation therapy
Melanoma: Excision or MOHs surgery (early on). When the cancer spreads to the lymph nodes (stage 3) or distant (4), treatments include immunotherapies, oral medications, and/or radiation