Basal cell carcinoma is the most common type of skin cancer. Dr. Ostad’s total body exam thoroughly checks suspicious moles, looking for possible types of skin cancer including basal cell carcinomas. The three major forms of cancer are called basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma. Each name is derived from the affected skin cell type. Basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma are also known as non-melanoma cancers. A basal cell carcinoma is typically found on skin exposed to the sun. According to Dr. Ariel Ostad, basal cell carcinoma generally occurs on the head (including the scalp), neck, face, arms and hands which over the course of our life get a lot of the sun’s UV rays.
Dr. Ariel Ostad says that basal cell carcinoma can only be formally diagnosed through a biopsy of the skin. After providing patients with local anesthesia, shave biopsy is done to ensure an accurate diagnosis. This carcinoma begins in the epidermis of the skin and usually grows slowly, often looking and feeling like a waxy bump. In basal cell carcinoma, new skin will bleed easily or it will not heal completely. According to Dr. Ariel Ostad, this skin cancer occurs most commonly among 40+ year old men and women. There is a special risk of developing this type of basal cell skin cancer for those who have a light-colored skin, blond hair, green or blue eye and overexposure to sunlight.
This type of skin cancer, if not treated, will spread to surrounding areas, bones and nearby tissues. Skin with this basal cell carcinoma will often have a light pink or white color, with waxy or pearly textures. Other symptoms are irregularity of blood vessels around or in the area, a sore with middle sunken area, a sore with crusting or oozing spots and the occurrence of scar-like sore without any injury.
To understand whether the patient has a basal cell carcinoma, Dr. Ariel Ostad will first perform a thorough checkup of the patient in his New York office. Dr. Ostad will check the texture, color, shape and size of the skin in the suspicious area. In a case where a basal cell carcinoma is suspected, he will remove a bit of skin from the area and will examine it under a microscope. Several kinds of skin biopsies are available and Dr. Ostad will choose the appropriate type of biopsy based i¡on the area examined.
The treatment of basal cell carcinoma varies according to the location, depth and size of the area of the cancer. This skin cancer can be removed using several methods such as Mohs micrographic surgery, curettage, electrotherapy, cryotherapy, intralesional therapy, ultraviolet therapy, dermabrasion, chemical peel and laser therapy. Dr. Ariel Ostad is an expert in performing basal cell carcinoma removal. In his NYC practice, he usually uses a microscope and delicate surgical tools to accurately excise infected skin layers with minimal aesthetic repercussions. This type of Mohs micrographic surgery, also known as chemosurgery, allows for high rates of success (97-99%) and is considered the gold standard in basal cell carcinoma removal. If you or your family doctor identified suspicious moles, contact our office to schedule an appointment with Dr. Ostad and his experienced staff members.